Franciscan Studies, 1983

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He maintained that wisdom (the Torah) existed prior to heaven and earth and that God's power extends through all things. Developing more or less parallel to the history course on Asian philosophy, Ancient Philosophy traces the beginnings of Western philosophy, focusing largely on ancient Greece and Rome. On the other hand, there had been built in, from the beginning, a corrective and warning, which in fact kept the internal peril of rationalism within bounds, namely, the corrective exercised by the “ negative theology” of the so-called Pseudo-Dionysius, around whose writings revolved some of the strangest events in the history of Western culture.

Species Intelligibilis: From Perception to Knowledge: 1.

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Some analytic philosophers held that philosophical problems arise through misuse of language or because of misunderstandings of the logic of human language. He was the editor of Mental Representation and Objects of Thought in Medieval Philosophy, and he was co-editor of two other books: Emotions and Choice from Boethius to Descartes; and Forming the Mind: The Mind/Body Problem(s) in Late Medieval and Early Modern Thought, which was published by Springer in 2006. Peirce and was later elaborated by William James and John Dewey.

English Mystics of the Middle Ages (Cambridge English Prose

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In some cases, such as in Shakespeare, curing the body (and the body politic) meant affirming cultural authority; in others, as with Zamora, it clearly meant subverting it. These were accompanied by commentaries such as those of Averroes and also by psuedo-Aristotelian works such as the Secretum Secretorum, the Magna Moralia and de Plantis, some of which were neo-Platonic in outlook. This will involve a discussion of inductivism, Popper’s deductivism, Lakatos and Kuhn.

Ockham Explained: From Razor to Rebellion (Ideas Explained)

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A discussion of language and communication, focusing on such topics as speech, literal vs. figurative language, the nature of writing, the origin of language, and reification. He is unattached: he is only commitment is to freedom, truth, and justice. b. As the capricious divine will is paramount, there can be nothing in nature which gives man access to theological truth. This gives a decidedly pantheistic complexion to Krochmal's thought.

Aquinas on Crime

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Pericles, one of the greatest statesmen in history, was run out of office and Athens rejected Sparta's overtures toward peace. Subsequent scholars (such as Harry Wolfson, Shlomo Pines, and Alexander Altmann) focused their scholarly attention on particular thinkers and specific issues, and did not write general histories. Aristotle's influence upon all later Western thought has been immense. Philosophy may also be approached by examining the relationships between components, as in structuralism and recursionism.

Renaissance Philosophy: New Translations: Lorenzo Valla

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There was also a living Scotist tradition, and every Catholic university had Thomists and Scotists in its theological faculty. For the absolute good to give rise to anything less than the complete world in which the model [the totality of forms or ideas] would be less than the ideal counterpart would be a contradiction. Second, there is a willingness on the part of the Schoolmen to go outside the lines of strict ecclesiastical tradition and learn, not only from Aristotle, who was now beginning to be known as a metaphysician and a psychologist, but also from the Arabians and the Jews, whose works had begun to penetrate in Latin translations into the schools of Christian Europe.

Gregory of Nazianzus: Rhetor and Philosopher

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Fasting one month a year is too much time spent in a weakened state. One debate that has commanded the attention of ethicists in the modern era has been between consequentialism (actions are to be morally evaluated solely by their consequences) and deontology (actions are to be morally evaluated solely by consideration of agents' duties, the rights of those whom the action concerns, or both). Avicenna, personal physician to sovereigns but also a philosopher and theologian, read—according to his own account—Aristotle’s Metaphysics 40 times without understanding it, until he learned the text by heart.

A History of Philosophy in Epitome (Classic Reprint)

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Erismann, Christophe, „Catachrestic Plural Forms, Gergory of Nyssa and Theodore Abû Qurrah on Naming and Counting Essences,“ British Journal for the History of Philosophy, 22.1 (2014): 39-59. The problem of universals asks the metaphysical question of what in reality accounts for this similarity between distinct individual substances. The most famous of the existentialist philosophers is the French author Jean-Paul Sartre.

The First Eagle (Navajo Mysteries Book 13)

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Philosophy in America: An Intellectual and Cultural History, 1720–2000. How is it different from the Platonic view? Furthermore, do aesthetic judgments have any relationship to moral or scientific judgments? Belo, Catarina, “Mu’tazilites, al-Ash’arî and Maimonides on Divine Attributes,” in A Filosofia árabe, pp. 117-31. Parmenides deduced that what really exists must have certain properties—for example, that it cannot come into existence or cease to exist, that it is a coherent whole, that it remains the same eternally (in fact, exists altogether outside time).

Sourcebook in Late-Scholastic Monetary Theory: The

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American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly, 88.2 (Spring 2014), edited by Richard C. He has a special interest in Maimonides (see here ). IV, but with gaps elsewhere. [The Wadding edition of Bk. Like today's holistic health practitioners, he believed that health and illness result from the balance or imbalance of the body's systems. During the 13th century, Saint Thomas Aquinas sought to reconcile Aristotelian philosophy with Augustinian theology.